International Translation Day

Printer-friendly versionSend by emailPDF version

ITD is celebrated the world over during the days and weeks around 30 September of every year. The celebration offers an opportunity to draw attention to the importance of language practitioners, especially translators, terminologists and interpreters, whose  invaluable contribution to communication more often than not remains unacknowledged and unknown.

This invaluable language activity became particularly special because on 24 May 2017, the 71st Session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly unanimously adopted Resolution A/72/L.68, which recognises the role of professional translation in connecting worlds, and fostering peace, understanding and development. The same resolution also declares 30 September to be the UN International Translation Day to be celebrated across the entire UN network. Before the aforesaid declaration, ITD was launched in 1953 when the Federation of International Translators (FIT) was established. FIT established the day in 1991 and suggested to UNESCO to institute it. Before then it was encouraged and promoted by the FIT Council and Executive Committee in an ad-hoc fashion. The actual day, 30 September, was selected for the celebration because it is the feast day of St Jerome, a Christian scholar and priest who was the first person to translate the Bible into Latin from the original Hebrew. St Jerome has always been considered to be the patron saint of translators and interpreters throughout the world. Each year FIT identifies a unifying theme around which ITD is celebrated. The theme for 2019 is 'Translation and Indigenous Languages' in line with the UN’s International Year of Indigenous Languages. The theme emphasizes and encourages the use and preservation of indigenous languages as a means of giving them the status of economic value critical to their survival. Translators, interpreters, terminologists and language practitioners in general play a pivotal role in the development, promotion and preservation of indigenous languages, including their sustained development.

UNESCO highlights the need to promote and protect indigenous languages and the rights of those who speak them. The Department is aware that if our indigenous languages are not developed and promoted, they are in danger of becoming extinct, hence the creation of terminology in various domains, translation of documents and support for Human Language Technology (HLT) products. This is done to elevate the status of these languages, specifically the official languages, and facilitate their use in sophisticated and higher registers, to facilitate access to information and their use in technology.

In line with the UNESCO declaration of 2019 as the International Year of Indigenous Languages, the Department intends to bring together various activities in the language calendar viz., International Literacy Day, International Translation Day and the International Year of Indigenous Languages, by celebrating them jointly through a Language Indaba that will be held from 3-4 October 2019 at Birchwood.

 

AFRIKAANS: INTERNASIONALE VERTAALDAG (IVD), 30 SEPTEMBER 2019

Internasionale Vertaaldag (IVD) word elke jaar wêreldwyd op 30 September en op die dae en in die weke daarom gevier. Die viering bied 'n geleentheid om die aandag te vestig op die belangrikheid van taalpraktisyns, in die besonder vertalers, terminoloë en tolke wie se onskatbare bydrae tot kommunikasie meestal nie erken word nie en waarvan mense onbewus bly.

Hierdie onskatbare taalaktiwiteite het selfs meer besonders geword, want die Algemene Vergadering van die Verenigde Nasies (VN) het op sy 71ste sitting eenparig Resolusie A/72/L.68 aangeneem wat die funksie erken van beroepsvertaling om wêrelde te verbind en vrede, begrip en ontwikkeling te kweek. Dieselfde resolusie het 30 September ook verklaar as die VN se Internasionale Vertaaldag wat deur die hele VN-netwerk gevier word. Reeds vóór hierdie verklaring is die viering bevorder deur die Internasionale Federasie van Vertalers (FIT) wat in 1953 gestig is. FIT het in 1991 op die gedagte gekom van só 'n dag en voorgestel dat Unesco dit instel. Vantevore het die raad en uitvoerende komitee van FIT dit op 'n ad hoc-grondslag aangemoedig en bevorder. Die werklike dag, 30 September, is vir die viering gekies, want dit is die feesdag van Hiëronimus, 'n Bybelkenner en priester wat die eerste persoon was wat die Bybel uit die oorspronklike Hebreeus in Latyn vertaal het. Hiëronimus is nog altyd oor die wêreld heen beskou as die beskermheilige van vertalers en tolke.  FIT identifiseer elke jaar 'n tema wat IVD-feesvieringe saambind. Die tema vir 2019 is "Vertaling en Inheemse Tale" wat ooreenkom met die VN se Internasionale Jaar van Inheemse Tale. Die tema lê nadruk op en moedig die gebruik en bewaring aan van inheemse tale as 'n manier om aan hulle 'n status van ekonomiese waarde te verleen wat belangrik is vir hulle oorlewing. Vertalers, tolke, terminoloë en taalpraktisyns in die algemeen vervul 'n belangrike funksie in die ontwikkeling, bevordering en bewaring van inheemse tale en die volgehoue ontwikkeling daarvan.

Unesco lê nadruk op die behoefte om inheemse tale en die regte van die mense wat dié tale praat te bevorder en te beskerm. Die Departement weet dat die inheemse tale die gevaar loop van uitsterwing as ons dit nie ontwikkel en bevorder nie – daarom die skep van terminologie op verskillende domeine, die vertaling van dokumente en steun aan mensetaaltegnologieprodukte.  Dit word gedoen om die status van hierdie tale te verhoog, in die besonder dié van die amptelike tale, en om hulle gebruik in gesofistikeerde en hoër registers én in tegnologie te vergemaklik ten einde toegang tot inligting te bevorder.

Ooreenkomstig die verklaring deur Unesco van 2019 as Internasionale Jaar van Inheemse Tale is die Departement van voorneme om verskeie aktiwiteite op die taalkalender, naamlik Internasionale Vertaaldag, Internasionale Geletterdheidsdag en die Internasionale Jaar van Inheemse Tale byeen te bring en hulle gesamentlik te vier deur middel van ʼn taalindaba wat vanaf 3-4 Oktober 2019 gehou sal word.

 

ISINDEBELE: ILANGA LEENTJHABATJHABA LOKUTJHUGULULA (INTERNATIONAL TRANSLATION DAY (ITD)) 30 KUKHUKHULAMUNGU 2019

I-ITD igidingwa ephasini loke emalangeni neemvekeni zomhlaka 30 kuKhukhulamungu waqobe mnyaka. Ukugidinga kunikela ithuba lokukhuthaza ukutjhejwa kokuqakatheka kwabasebenzi ngamalimi, khulu khulu abatjhugululi, abakhi mathemu nabarhumutjhi, indimabo eqakathekileko yokuthintana engaziwako namkha engabukwako.

Umsebenzi wamalimi oqakatheke kwamamabala lo waba ngokhethekileko ngombana ngomhlaka 24 kuMrhayili 2017, umHlangano Zombelele wama-71 weenTjhaba eziBumbeneko (United Nations (UN)) ngokuvumelana wamukele isiQunto A/72/L.68, sokwamukela indima yomsebenzi wokutjhugulula ekuhlanganiseni amaphasi kanye nokukhuthaza ukuthula, ukuzwisisana netuthuko. Isiqunto sona leso naso simemezela umhlaka 30 kuKhukhulamungu njengeLanga le-UN leenTjhabatjhaba lokuTjhugulula elizokugidingwa kiyo yoke inethiwege ye-UN. Ngaphambi kwesifungo esenziwe ngaphambilini, i-ITD yahlonywa ngo-1953 nakusungulwa iFederetjheni yabaTjhugululi yeenTjhabatjhaba (Federation of International Translator (FIT)). I-FIT yasungula ilanga ngo-1991 bese yaphakamisa ku-UNESCO bona ilethule. Ngaphambi kwalapho, lakhuthazwa belanyuswa mKhandlu we-FIT neKomidi yesiGungu ngendlela yekomidi yesikhatjhana. Ilanga lamambala , umhlaka 30 kuKhukhulamungu lakhethelwa ukugidinga ngombana lililanga lomnyanya ka-St. Jerome, isifundiswa seKholwa nomfundisi owaba mumuntu wokuthoma ukutjhugululela iBhayibheli kusi-Latin ukusuka kusiHebheru. U-St Jerome wayelokhu athathwa njengomvikeli nomsekeli wabatjhugululi nabarhumutjhi ephasini loke. Ngomunye nomunye umnyaka i-FIT ihlathulula ummongo ohlanganisako ekugidingwa ngawo i-ITD. Ummongo ka-2019 uthi 'Ukutjhugulula namaLimi weNdabuko' ngokukhambisana nomNyaka weenTjhabatjhaba wamaLimi weNdabuko we-UN. Ummongo lo ugandelela bewukhuthaza ukusetjenziswa nokuvikelwa kwamalimi wendabuko njengendlela yokuwanikela ubujamo bomnotho obuqakathekileko ekubeni khona kwawo. Abatjhugululi, abarhumutjhi, abakhi mathemu nabasebenzi ngamalimi zombelele badlala indima eqakathekileko ekuthuthukisweni, ekukhuphulweni nekuvikelweni kwamalimi wendabuko, ukufaka hlangana nokuthuthuka kwawo okuragela phambili.

I-UNESCO itjheje itlhogeko lokukhutjhulwa nokuvikelwa kwamalimi wendabuko kanye namalungelo walabo abawakhulumako. UmNyango uyalemuka bona nangabe amalimi wethu wendabuko awathuthukiswa bewakhutjhulwe, azokuba sengozini yokufa, ngesizathu leso ke ukutlanywa kwamathemu emikhakheni ehlukahlukeneko, ukutjhugululwa kwemitlolo nokusekelwa kwemikhiqizo yeTheknoloji yamaLimi wabaNtu (Human Language Technology (HLT)). Lokhu kwenzelwa ukukhuphula ubujamo bamalimi lawa, khulu khulu amalimi asemthethweni kanye nokukghonakalisa ukusetjenziswa kwawo ngelemuko nokutloliswa okuphakemeko, ukukghonakalisa ukutholwa kwelwazi nokusetjenziswa kwawo kutheknoloji.

Ngokukhambisana nesimemezelo se-UNESCO somnyaka we-2019 njengomNyaka weenTjhabatjhaba wamaLimi weNdabuko, umNyango unqophe ukuhlanganisa imisetjenzana ehlukahlukeneko kukhalenda yamalimi okuLilanga leenTjhabatjhaba lokwazi ukuFunda nokuTlola, iLanga leenTjhabatjhaba lokuTjhugulula kanye nomNyaka weenTjhabatjhaba wamaLimi weNdabuko, ngokuwagidinga ngokuhlanganyela nge-Language Indaba ezokubanjwa ukusuka ngomhlaka 3-4 kuSewula 2019.

 

ISIXHOSA: USUKU LOGUQULO LWEHLABATHI (NTERNATIONAL TRANSLATION DAY) (ITD) SEPTEMBA 2019

I-ITD ibhiyozelwa kwihlabathi lonke ngexa leentsuku kunye neeveki ezijikeleze ama-30 Septemba nyaka ngamnye.   Imibhiyozo inika ithuba  lokutsalela ingqalelo ekubalulekeni kwabasebenzi ngeelwimi, ingakumbi abaguquli, abasebenzi ngesigama kunye neetoliki, abo igalelo labo eliluncedo kakhulu kunxibelelwano kaninzi lisahleli lingaqondwa kwaye lingaziwa.

Lo msebenzi weelwimi ubaluleke kangaka uye wakhetheka nangakumbi kuba ngowama-24 Meyi  2017 iSeshoni yoku-1 yeNdlu yoWiso-mthetho Jikelele yeZizwe eziManyeneyo (United Nations) (UN)  ngamxhelo mnye yamkela iSigqibo A/72/L.68, esiza kunakana indima yoguqulo olunobugcisa ekudibaniseni ihlabathi, kunye nokwamkela uxolo, ukuqonda nophuhliso. Kwa esi sigqibo sinye kananjalo sibhengeza owama-30 Septemba ukuba ibe luSuku loGuqulo lweHlabathi lwe-UN - oluza kubhiyozelwa kuthungelwano lwe-UN xa lulonke. Phambi kwesibhengezo esikhankanywe ngaphambili, iITD yaziswa ngo-1953 xa kwakusekwa uMbutho weHlabathi wabaGuquli (Federation of International Translators) (FIT). I-FIT yaseka usuku ngo-1991 kwaye yacebisa kwi-UNESCO ukuba ilumisele. Phambi koko lwalukhuthazwa kwaye luphakanyiswa liBhunga kunye neKomiti yeSigqeba ye-FIT  ngendlela yomsebenzi owongeziweyo. Usuku ngqo, ngama-30 Septemba,  lwakhethelwa  umbhiyozo kuba lusuku lwesidlo sikaSt Jerome, incutshe yomKristu nomfundisi owayengumntu wokuqala ukuguqulela iBhayibhile kwisiLatini ukusuka kwisiHebhere eyayingaso.  USt Jerome  wayesoloko ethathwa ngokuba ngumkhuseli ongumxhasi wabaguquli neetoliki kwihlabathi lonke.  Nyaka ngamnye i-FIT ichonga umxholo omanyayo lowo ibhiyozelwa ngawo i-ITD. Umxholo ka-2019 ngulo 'uGuqulo neeLwimi zeMveli ngokungqinelana noNyaka weeLwimi zeMveli weHlabathi we-UN. Umxholo ugxininisa kwaye ukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kunye nokugcinwa kweelwimi zemveli njengendlela yokuzinika isimo sexabiso lezoqoqosho esibalulekileyo ekugcinekeni kwazo.  Abaguquli, iitoliki, abasebenzi ngesigama kunye nabasebenzi ngeelwimi jikelele badlala indima ebalulekileyo kuphuhliso, ukukhuthazwa kunye nokugcinwa kweelwimi zemveli, kuquka nophuhliso lwazo oluzinzileyo.

I-UNESCO iqaqambisa imfuno yokukhuthaza kunye nokukhusela  iilwimi zemveli kunye namalungelo abo bazithethayo.   ISebe liyaqonda ukuba iilwimi zemveli azikaphuhliswa kwaye zikhuthazwe, zisengozini yokuphela, yiloo nto kukho  ukuyilwa kwesigama kwimimandla emininzi, uguqulo lwamaxwebhu kunye nenkxaso yeMveliso kunye nobuGcisa beeLwimi zabaNtu (Human Language Technology) (HLT). Oku kwenzela ukuphakamisa isimo sezi lwimi, ingakumbi iilwimi ezisemthethweni, kunye nokuququzelela ukusetyenziswa kwazo kwiirejista eziphucukileyo neziphezulu, ukuququzelela ufikelelo kulwazi kunye nokusetyenziswa kwazo kubugcisa.

Ngokungqinelana nesibhengezo se-UNESCO sika-2019 njengoNyaka weHlabathi weeLwimi zeMveli, iSebe liceba ukudibanisa imisebenzi eyahlukeneyo ekwikhalenda yeelwimi, uSuku loLwazi lokuBhala nokuFunda lweHlabathi, uSuku loGuqulo lweHlabathi kunye noNyaka weeLwimi zeMveli weHlabathi, ngokuzibhiyozela ngokuhlangeneyo ngeIndaba yeeLwimi eza kubanjwa ukusukela ngowe-03 ukuya kowe-04 kuOktobha ka- 2019.

 

ISIZULU: USUKU LOKUHUMUSHA LAMAZWE NGAMZWE (I-ITD) MHLA ZI-30 SEPHTEMBA 2019

I-ITD igujwa umhlaba wonke ngezinsukuezingaphambili nangemuva komhla zi-30 Sephtemba minyaka yonke. Lokhu kugujwa kunikeza ithuba lokwenza ukuba kunakwe ukubaluleka kwabasebenzi bezilimi, ikakhulukazi abahumushi, abaqambi bamagama, otoliki, ogalelo labo elihle kwezokuxhumana kaningi alishaywa ndiva futhi alaziwa.

Lo msebenzi wolimi obaluleke kangaka waba okhethekile ngoba mhla zi-24 Meyi 2017, uMhlangano wama-71 weNhlangano Yamazwe Ngamazwe (i-UN) wamukela ngokuvumelana iSinqumo A/72/L.68, esazisa iqhaza lokuhunyushwa ngobungcweti ekuxhumaniseni umhlaba, kanye nasekwakheni ukuthula, ukuqonda nentuthuko. Sona lesi sinqumo sibuye sazisa umhla zi-30 Sephtemba ukuba kube uSuku Lokuhumusha Lwamazwe Ngamazwe lwe-UN oluzogujwa kulo lonke uhleloxhumano lwayo. Ngaphambi kwesimemezelo esishiwo, i-ITD yethulwa ngonyaka we-1953 lapho kusungulwa iNhlangano Yokuhumusha Yamazwe Ngamazwe (Federation of International Translators) (i-FIT). I-FIT yenza lolu suku ngonyaka we-1991 futhi yaphakamisa ukuba i-UNESCO ilenze lisebenze ngokusemthethweni. Ngaphambi kwalapho laligqugquzelwa futhi liqhakanjiswa nguMkhandlu we-FIT kanye neKomidi Eliiphethe ngenye indlela. Usuku langempela, umhla zi-30 kuSepthemba, lakhethwa ukuba lugujwe ngoba luwusuku lomkhosi ka-St Jerome, owabe eyisazi nomfundisi ongumKhrestu owaba ngumuntu wokuqala ukuhumushela iBhayibheli olimini lwesiLathini elisusa olimini lwesiHebheru. U-St Jerome othathwa njengomvikeli nomsekeli wabahumushi notoliki emhlabeni wonke. Unyaka nonyaka i-FIT ikhomba ingqikithi okufanele kugujwe ngayo i-ITD.  Isihloko sonyaka we-2019 sithi 'Ukuhumusha Nezilimi Zendabuko' ngokuhambisana Nonyaka Wamazwe Ngamazwe Wezilimi Zendabuko.  Le ngqikithi igcizelela futhi igqugquzela ukusetshenziswa nokulondolozwa kwezilimi zendabuko njengendlela yokuzinikeza ukubaluleka okubalulekile kwezomnotho okubalulekile ekubeni khona kwazo. Abahumushi, otoliki, abaqambi-magama kanye nabasebenzi bezilimi jikelele badlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu ekuthuthukiseni, ekukhuthazeni nasekulondolozweni kwezilimi zendabuko, kubandakanya ukuthuthuka kwazo okusimeme.

I-UNESCO igcizelela isidingo sokukhuthazwa nokuvikelwa kwezilimi zendabuko namalungelo alabo abazikhulumayo. UMnyango uyazi ukuthi uma izilimi zethu zendabuko zingathuthukiswa futhi zingakhuthazwa, zisengozini yokuphela, yingakho kwakhiwa kwagama amasha ezinkundleni ezahlukahlukene, ukuhunyushwa kwemibhalo nokusekelwa kwemikhiqizo yoBuchwepheshe Bezilimi Zabantu (i-HLT).   Lokhu kwenzelwa ukukhuphula izinga lalezi zilimi, ikakhulukazi izilimi ezisemthethweni, nokanye nokwenza lula ukusetshenziswa kwazo ezinkundleni zezilimi ezikhethekile ezinzima nezamazinga aphezulu, ukulungiselela ukufinyeleleka kolwazi nokusekusetshenziswa kwazo kwezobuchwepheshe.

Ngokuhambisana nesimemezelo se-UNESCO sonyaka we-2019 njengoNyaka Wamazwe Ngamzwe Wezilimi Zendabuko, uMnyango uhlose ukuhlanganisa yonke imisebenzi ehlukahlukene yezilimi yonyaka, isib. uSuku Lwemibhalo Lamazwe Ngamazwe, uSuku Lokuhumusha Lwamazwe Ngamazwe kanye Nonyaka Wamazwe Ngamazwe Wezilimi Zendabuko, ngokuyigubha iyonke ngeNgqungquthela Yezilimi ezobanjwa kusukela mhla zi-3-4 Okhthoba 2019.

 

SEPEDI: LETŠATŠI LA BODITŠHABATŠHABA LA PHETOLELO (ITD) 30 LEWEDI 2019

ITD e ketekwa lefase ka bophara  ka matšatši pele ga le ka morago ga letšatši la 30 Lewedi ngwaga o mongwe le o mongwe. Moketeko wo o fana ka monyetla wa go lebiša tlhokomelo go bohlokwa bja badiragatši ba tša polelo, gagolo bafetoledi, bahlami ba mareo, le batoloki, bao seabe sa bona se bohlokwa kgokaganong gantši se sa lemogwego gape se sa tsebjego.

Tiro ye bohlokwa ye ya polelo ebile ye e kgethegilego ka mokgwa wo itšego ka lebaka la gore ka 24 Mopitlo 2017, Tulo ya bo-71 ya Kopanokakaretšo ya Kopanoditšhaba (UN) e ile ya amogela ka go kwanelwa Sephetho sa  A/72/L.68, seo se dumelelago tema ya phetolelo ya seprofešenale mo go kgokagantšheng mafase, le go tšwetšeng pele khutšo, kwešišo le tlhabollo. Sephetho se go bolelwago ka sona se tsebiša semmušo 30 Lewedi go ba  Letšatši la Boditšhabatšhaba la Phetolelo go ketekwa go rarela le mekgatlo ka moka ya UN. Pela ga boikano bjo go boletšwego ka bjona, ITD e ile ya thakgolwa ka 1953 ge Letšatši la Boditšhabatšhaba la Phetolelo (ITD) le be le hlongwa. FIT e hlomile letšatši ka 1991 gomme ya šišinya go UNESCO  go le bea molaong. Pele ga fao le be le hlohleletšwa le go hlatlošwa ke Khansele le Komitiphethišo ya FIT ka mokgwa wa tebanyamodiro. Letšatši la kgonthe, 30 Lewedi, le kgethilwe go ba la moketeko ka lebaka la gore ke letšatši la mokete la St Jerome, morutegi wa Mokriste le moruti yo e bego e le motho wa mathomo wa go fetolela Beibele go Selatini go tšwa go Seheberu sa peleng. St Jerome e sale e tšewa bjalo ka mošireletši le mohlahli wa bafetoledi le batoloki lefaseng ka bophara. Ngwaga wo mongwe le wo mongwe FIT e laetša hlogotaba yeo e kopanyago yeo go ketekwago ITD. Hlogotaba ya ngwaga wa 2019 ke 'Phetolelo le Dipolelo tša Setlogo tumelelanong le Ngwaga wa Boditšhabatšhaba wa Dipolelo tša Setlogo wa UN'.  Hlogotaba e gatelela le go hlohleletša tšhomišo le poloko ya dipolelo tša setlogo bjalo ka mokgwa wa go di fa maemo a boleng bja ekonomi bjo bohlokwa bakeng sa go phologa ga tšona. Bafetoledi, batoloki, bahlami ba mareo le badiragatši ba polelo ka kakaretšo ba kgatha tema ye bohlokwa tlhabollong, tšwetšopeleng le go bolokeng  dipolelo tša setlogo, go akaretša le tlhabollo ya tšona ya go ya go ile. 

UNESCO e bontšha tlhokego ya go hlatloša le go šireletša dipolelo tša setlogo le ditokelo tša bao ba di bolelago. Kgoro e a tseba gore ge e le gore dipolelo tša rena tša setlogo ga di  hlabollwe le tšwetšwa pele, di kotsing ya go fela, ke ka fao go hlangwago mareo maemong a fapanego, phetolelo ya ditokumente le thekgo ya ditšweletšwa tša Theknolotši ya Polelo ya Batho (HLT). Se se dirwa go phagamiša maemo a dipolelo, gagologolo dipolelo tša semmušo, le go nolofatša tšhomišo ya tšona mafapheng ao a raraganego le a phagamego, go nolofaletša phihlelelo ya tshedimošo le tšhomišo ya tšona go theknolotši.  

Ka go dumelelana le boikano bja UNESCO bja ngwaga wa 2019 bjalo ka  Ngwaga wa Boditšhabatšhaba wa Dipolelo tša Setlogo, Kgoro e ikemišeditše go kopanya ditiragalo tša go fapana go almanaka ya dipolelo, e lego Letšatši la Boditšhabatšhaba la Bokgoni bja go bala le go ngwala, Letšatši la Boditšhabatšhaba la Phetolelo le Ngwaga wa Boditšhabatšhaba wa Dipolelo tša Setlogo ka go di keteka ka moka ka Khonferense ya Dipolelo yeo e tlago swarwa go tloga ka  3-4 Diphalane 2019.

SESOTHO: LETSATSI LA HO KETEKA PHETOLELO YA DIPUO LA MATJHABA (ITD) 30 LOETSE 2019

ITD e ketekwa lefatshe ka bophara matsatsing le dibekeng tsa mohla la 30 Loetse selemo le selemo. Ho keteka hona ke monyetla wa ho bontsha bohlokwa ba basebetsi ba dipuo, haholoholo bafetoledi, baqapi ba mareo le ditoloko tseo karolo ya tsona e bohlokwa dipuisanong e sa ananelweng le ho sa tsejwe.

Mosebetsi ona o bohlokwa wa puo o ikgethile hobane ka la 24 Motshehanong 2017, Seboka sa 71 sa United Nations (UN) General Assembly se dumetse Resolution A/72/L.68, e ananelang karolo e bapalwang ke phetolelo e etswang ke ditsebi tsa puo ho kopanya batho ba mafatshe kaofela, le ho kgothalletsa kgotso, kutlwisisano le ntshetsopele. Qeto yona ena e boetse e phatlalatsa hore letsatsi la 30 Loetse e be Letsatsi la Ho keteka Phetolelo ya Dipuo, la Matjhabeng a Dinaha tse Kopaneng (UN) (UN International Translation Day), dinaheng kaofela tse sebedisanang le UN. Pele ho etswa phatlalatso e boletsweng ka hodimo, ITD e thakgotswe selemong sa 1953 ha ho ne ho thehwa Federation of International Translators (FIT). FIT e kgethile letsatsi lena ka selemo sa 1991 mme ya sisinya hore UNESCO e le tsebise semmuso. Pele ho moo, letsatsi lena le ile la kgothalletswa le ho tshehetswa ke Khansele le Komiti ya Phethahatso ya FIT (FIT Council and Executive Committee) le ketekwa feela ha ho ne ho hlokeha. Hantlentle letsatsi la 30 Loetse le kgethetswe ho ketekwa hobane ke letsatsi la ho keteka la St Jerome, serutehi sa Mokreste ebile e le moruti wa pele wa ho fetolela Bebele e neng e ngotswe la ntlha ka Seheberu, Selatining. St Jerome ha esale a tsebahala e le motshehetsi wa bafetoledi le ditoloko lefatshe kaofela. Selemo se seng le se seng FIT e kgetha mookotaba o etsang hore basebetsi ba dipuo ba keteke ITD mmoho. Mookotaba wa 2019 ke 'Phetolelo le Dipuo tsa Lehae' o tsamaellanang le wa UN wa Selemo sa Matjhaba sa Dipuo tsa Lehae (UN’s International Year of Indigenous Languages). Mookotaba o hatella le ho kgothalletsa tshebediso le tshireletso ya dipuo tsa lehae e le mokgwa wa ho di beha boemong bo bohlokwa hore di tswelle ho sebediswa ditabeng tse amang babui ba tsona. Bafetoledi, ditoloko, baqapi ba mareo le basebetsi ba puo ka kakaretso ba bapala karolo ya bohlokwa ntshetsopeleng, tshehetsong le tshireletsong ya dipuo tsa lehae, ho kenyeletsa le ntshetsopele ya tsona e ka tswelang pele nako e telele.

UNESCO e totobatsa tlhokeho ya ho tshehetsa le ho sireletsa dipuo tsa lehae le ditokelo tsa babui ba tsona. Lefapha le a tseba hore haeba dipuo tsa rona tsa lehae di sa ntshetswe pele le ho tshehetswa, di kotsing ya ho shwa, ke kahoo ho qatjwang mareo makaleng a fapaneng, ho fetolelwang ditokomane le ho tshehetsa dihlahiswa tsa Human Language Technology (HLT). Sena se etswa ho phahamisa boemo ba dipuo tsena, haholoholo dipuo tsa semmuso, le ho etsa hore ho be bobebe ho di sebedisa dipuisanong tsa boemo bo phahameng, ho etsa hore ho be bobebe hore babui ba tsona ba kgone ho fumana lesedi le ho sebediswa lekaleng la theknoloji.

Ho latela phatlalatso ya UNESCO ya hore 2019 e be Selemo sa Matjhaba sa Dipuo tsa Lehae, Lefapha le rerile ho kopanya diketsahalo tse fapaneng tsa ho keteka matsatsi a amanang le kananelo ya puo, ao e leng, Letsatsi la bohlokwa ba Ho tseba ho bala le ho ngola la Matjhaba (International Literacy Day), Letsatsi la Phetolelo ya dipuo la Matjhaba (International Translation Day) le Letsatsi la Matjhaba la Dipuo tsa Lehae (International Year of Indigenous Languages), ka ho ba le Language Indaba e tla tshwarwa ka la 3-4 Mphalane 2019.

 

SETSWANA: LETSATSI LA BODITŠHABA LA PHETOLELO (ITD) 30 LWETSE 2019

ITD e ketekiwa lefatshe ka bophara ka malatsi a pele le a morago ga la 30 Lwetse la ngwaga mongwe le mongwe. Keteko e neelana ka tšhono ya go ela tlhoko botlhokwa jwa badirakapuo, segolobogolo bafetoledi, batlhamamareo le baranoledi, ba seabe sa bona se se botlhokwa mo tlhaeletsanong gantsi se nnang se sa lebogiwe le go itsiwe.

Tiro e, e e botlhokwa ya puo, e ne ya nna botlhokwa thata ka gonne ka la 24 Motsheganong 2017, Kopano ya bo71 ya Kokoanokakaretso ya Ditšhabakopano (UN) yotlhe e ne ya amogela Tumelano ya A/72/L.68, e e amogelang seabe sa phetolelo ya porofešenale mo go golaganyeng mafatshe, le go rotloetsa kagiso, go tlhaloganya le tlhabololo. Tumelano e, gape e kaya 30 Lwetse go nna Letsatsi la Boditšhaba la Phetolelo la Ditšhabakopano (UN) go ketekiwa Ditšhabakopano (UN) yotlhe. Pele ga go kaiwa go go fa godimo, ITD e ne ya thankgololwa ka 1953 fa Mokgatlho wa Boditšhaba wa Bafetoledi (FIT) o tlhamiwa. FIT e ne ya tlhagisa letsatsi ka 1991 le go dira tshitshinyo go UNESCO go le tlhagisa. Pele le ne le rotloediwa le go tlhotlhelediwa ke Khansele ya FIT le Khuduthamaga ka mokgwa o o neng o sa tlwaelega. Letsatsi tota, la 30 Lwetse, le ne la tlhophiwa go ketekiwa ka gonne ke letsatsi la keteko la Moitshepi Jerome, yo e neng e le serutegi sa Mokeresete gape e le moruti yo e nnileng motho wa ntlha go fetolela Baebele mo Selatining go tswa kwa Seheberung sa tshimologo. Moitshepi Jerome o ne ka gale a tsewa e le moitshepi wa motshegetsi wa bafetoledi le baranoledi lefatshe lotlhe. Ngwaga mongwe le mongwe FIT e tlhagisa thitokgang e e kopanyang e ka yona ITD e ketekiwang. Thitokgang ya 2019 ke 'Phetolelo le Dipuo tsa Tlholego' go tsamaelana le Ngwaga wa Boditšhaba wa Dipuo tsa Tlholego wa Ditšhabakopano (UN). Thitokgang e gatelela le go rotloetsa tiriso le tshomarelo ya dipuo tsa tlholego e le mokgwa wa go di neela maemo a boleng jwa ikonomi e leng selo se se botlhokwa mo go tsweleng pele ga tsona. Bafetoledi, baranoledii, batlhamamareo le badirakapuo ka kakaretso ba na le seabe se se botlhokwa mo tlhabololong, thotloetsong le tshomarelong ya dipuo tsa tlholego, go akaretsa tlhabololo ya tsona e e tswelelang pele.

UNESCO e gatelela botlhokwa jwa go rotloetsa le go sireletsa dipuo tsa tlholego le ditshwanelo tsa bao ba di buang. Lefapha le a itse gore fa dipuo tsa rona tsa tlholego di sa tlhabololwe le go rotloediwa, di mo kotsing ya go nyelela, ke ka moo go nang le tlhamo ya mareo mo dikarolong tse di farologaneng, phetolelo ya ditokomane le tshegetso mo dikunong tsa Thekenoloji ya Dipuo tsa Batho (HLT). Se, se diriwa go tsholetsa maemo a dipuo tse, segolobogolo dipuo tsa semmuso, le go bebofatsa tiriso ya tsona mo direjisetareng tse di tlhabologileng e bile e le tsa maemo a a kwa godimo, go bebofatsa phitlhelelo ya tshedimosetso le tiriso ya tsona mo thekenolojing.

Go tsamaelana le go kaiwa ga 2019 jaaka Ngwaga wa Boditšhaba wa Dipuo tsa Tlholego ke UNESCO, Lefapha le ikaelela go tlisa ditiro tse di farologaneng mo ngwageng wa dipuo e leng, Letsatsi la Boditšhaba la bokgoni jwa go Buisa le go Kwala, Letsatsi la Boditšhaba la Phetolelo le Ngwaga wa Boditšhaba wa Dipuo tsa Tlholego, ka go di keteka tsotlhe ka Konferense ya Dipuo e e yang go tshwariwa ka la 3-4 Diphalane 2019.

 

SISWATI: LUSUKU LWEBAHUMUSHI LWEMAVE EMHLABA (ITD) 30 INYONI 2019

Lusuku Lwebahumushi Lwemhlaba Wonkhe lugujwa mhlaba wonkhe ngamhlaka 30 Inyoni yonkhe iminyaka. Lemigubho iniketa litfuba lwekwatisa ngekubaluleka kwebasebenti betilwimi, ikakhulukati bahumushi, bacambi bemathemu kanye nebatoliki, laba etikhatsini letinyenti ligalelo labo lelisemcoka ekuchumaneni linganakwa nobe lingatiwa.

Lomsebenti wetilwimi loligugu waba ngulokhetsekile ngobe ngamhlaka 24 Inkhwenkhweti 2017 Libandla Jikelele Lwenhlangano Yemave Emhlaba (UN) eMhlanganweni wesi-71 lemukele ngaphandle kwekuphikisa Sisombululo A/72/L.68, lesemukela indzima yekuhumusha ngebucwepheshe emihlabeni lechumanako, nekuphocelela kuthula, kuvisisana nentfutfuko. Leso sisombululo siphindze simemetele lusuku lwangamhlaka 30 Inyoni njengeLusuku Lwekuhumusha Lwemave Emhlaba e-UN lolutawugujwa kulo lonkhe luchungechunge lwe-UN. Ngaphambi kwalesimemetelo lesiphawulwe phambilini, Lusuku Lwekuhumusha Lwemave Emhlaba (i-ITD) lwamiswa nga-1953 Yinhlangano Yemave Emhlaba Yebahumushi. I-FIT imise lolusuku nga-1991 futsi yanconota ku-UNESCO kwekutsi ilusungule. Ngaphambi kwalesikhatsi belugcugcutelwa futsi lutfutfukiswe nguMkhandlu weFIT neMkhandlusigugungu ngendlela lekhetsekile. Lolusuku mbamba, lwangamhlaka 30 Inyoni, lwakhetselwa kugubha umkhosi ngobe lusuku lwelidzili lwaSt Jerome, sifundziswa seMkhristu kanye nemfundisi lobekungumuntfu wekucala wekuhumusha liBhayibheli aliyise kusiLatin kusuka kusiHebheru. St Jerome utsatfwa njengasanta lophetse bahumushi nebatoliki kuwo wonkhe umhlaba. Ngemnyaka ngamunye iFIT itfola ingcikitsi lehlanganisako lekugujwa ngayo i-ITD. Ingcikitsi yemnyaka wa-2019 itsi 'Kuhumusha neTilwimi Tendzabuko' lehambisana nalena ye-UN letsi Umnyaka Wetilwimi Tendzabuko Wemave Emhlaba. Lengcikitsi igcizelela iphindze igcugcutele kusebetjentiswa nekulondvolotwa kwetilwimi tendzabuko njengendlela yekutiniketa sitfunti sekubaluleka kutemnotfo lokusemcoka ekuphileni kwato. Bahumushi, batoliki, bakhi bemathemu kanye nebasebenti betilwimi jikelele badlala indzima lesemcoka kakhulu ekutfutfukisweni, ekukhutsatweni nasekulondvolotweni kwetilwimi, kufaka ekhatsi kutfutfuka lokusimeme.

I-UNESCO ikhombisa sidzingo sekukhutsatwa nekuvikelwa kwetilwimi tendzabuko kanye nemalungelo alabo labatikhulumako. Litiko liyakwati kwekutsi nangabe tilwimi tendzabuko tingatfutfukiswa futsi tingakhutsatwa, tisengotini yekushabalala, kungako-ke sakha itheminoloji ngetigaba letahlukahlukene, sihumusha imiculu futsi sesekela imikhicito yeThekhinoloji Yetilwimi Tebantfu (iHLT). Loku kwentelwa kuphakamisa sitfunti saletilwimi, ikakhulukati tilwimi letisemtsetfweni, nekuhlelembisa kusetjentiswa kwato etigabeni letiphakeme, kute kuhlelenjiswe kufinyeleleka elwatini nekusetjentiswa kwato kuthekinoloji.

Ngekuhambisana nesimemetelo se-UNESCO sanga-2019 njengeMnyaka Wetilwimi Tendzabuko Wemave Emhlaba, Litiko lihlose kuletsa ndzawonye imisebenti leyahlukahlukene ngekhalenda yetilwimi kufaka ekhatsi Lusuku Lwekwati Kufundza Nekubhala Lwemave Emhlaba kanye neMnyaka Wetilwimi Tendzabuko Wemave Emhlaba, ngekuyigubha sikanye ngeLanguage Indaba letawubanjwa ngamhlaka 3 kuya kumhlaka 4 Imphala 2019.

 

TSHIVENDA: UVHA A VHUPINDULELI A DZITSHAKHATSHAKHA (ITD) 30 KHUBVUMEDZI 2019

ITD i pembelelwa kha ḽifhasi kha maḓuvha na dzivhege dza tsini na ḽa 30 Khubvumbedzi 2019 ṅwaha muṅwe na muṅwe. U pembelela zwi ṋetshedza tshikhala tsha u lavhelesa kha ndeme ya vhashumeli vha zwa luambo, nga maanḓa vhapinduleli, vhasiki vha maipfi na vhaḓologi, vhane u dzulela u dzhenelela havho lwa ndeme kha vhudavhidzani zwa dzula zwi sa vhonali khathihi na u sa ḓivhea.

Mushumo uyu wa ndeme wa luambo wo thoma u vha wo khetheaho ngauri nga ḽa 24 Shundunthule 2017, Dzulo ḽa vhu 71 ḽa Vhuthihi ha Dzitshakha kha Guvhanganoguṱe ḽo ṱanganedza zwi sa hanedzwi Thendelano ya vhu A/72/L.68, ine ya dzhiela nṱha mushumo wa vhupinduleli ha phurofeshinala kha u ṱanganyisa ḽifhasi, na u ṱuṱuwedza mulalo, u pfesesana na mveledziso. Thendelano iyo yo dovha ya ta ḽa 30 Khubvumedzi sa Ḓuvha ḽa Vhupinduleli ḽa Dzitshakhatshakha ḽa UN uri ḽi pembelelwe u mona na ṱhanganelano ya UN. Hu sa athu u itwa mulevho wo bulwaho, ITD yo rwelwa ṱari nga 1953 musi Dzangano ḽa Vhapinduleli vha Ḽifhasi (FIT) ḽi tshi thomiwa. FIT yo ṋetshedza ḓuvha nga 1991 na u ḽi dzinginya kha UNESCO uri i ḽi ḓivhadze. Hu sa athu u vha na izwo ḽo vha ḽi tshi tikedzwa na u ṱuṱuwedzwa nga Khoro ya FIT na Khorotshitumbe arali zwo tea. Ḓuvha ḽa 30 Khubvumedzi, ḽo tiwa u itela u pembelela izwi ngauri ndi ḓuvha ḽa vhuṱambo ḽa Vho St Jerome, muḓivhi wa zwa Vhukriste na mufunzi vhe vha vha muthu wa u thoma u pindulela Bivhili u ya kha Tshilatin u bva kha Tshihevheru. Vho St Jerome vho dzulela u dzhiiwa sa mutikedzi wa vhapinduleli na vhaḓologi kha ḽifhasi ḽoṱhe. Ṅwaha muṅwe na muṅwe FIT i nanga ṱhoho nthihi ine IDT ya Pembelelwa nga khayo. Ṱhoho ya 2019 ndi, Vhupinduleli na Nyambo Dzapo kha Ṅwaha wa Dzitshakhatshakha wa UN wa Nyambo Dzapo. Ṱhoho iyi i ombedzela na u ṱuṱuwedza u shumiswa na u vhulungwa ha nyambo dzapo sa nḓila ya u dzi ṋea tshiimo tsha ndeme kha zwa ikonomi zwine zwa vha zwa ndeme kha mvelaphanḓa hadzo.  Vhapinduleli, vhaḓologi, vhasiki vha maipfi na vhashumeli vha zwa luambo nga u angaredza vha na mushumo muhulwane kha mveledziso, ṱhuṱhuwedzo na mbulungo ya nyambo dzapo, zwi tshi katela u bvela hadzo phanḓa.

UNESCO i ombedzela ṱhoḓea ya u ṱuṱuwedza na u tsireledza nyambo dzapo na pfanelo dza avho vhane vha dzi amba. Muhasho u a zwi ḓivha uri arali nyambo dzashu dzapo dza sa bveledziswa na u ṱuṱuwedzwa, dzi kha khombo ya u nga ngalangala, ndi ngazwo hu na u sika maipfi a masia o fhambanaho, vhupinduleli ha maṅwalwa na thikhedzo ya zwibveledzwa zwa Thekhinoḽodzhi ya Luambo lwa Vhathu (HLT). Izwi zwi itelwa u alusa tshiimo tsha nyambo idzi, nga maanḓa nyambo dza tshiofisi, na u dzi konisa u shumiswa kha masia a luambo a dzhiiwaho sa a konḓaho na a maimo a nṱha, u itela u konisa tswikelelo kha mafhungo na tshumiso yadzo kha zwa thekhinoḽodzhi.

Zwi tshi tevhedza nḓivhadzo ya UNESCO ya 2019 sa ṅwaha wa Nyambo Dzapo dza Dzitshakhatshakha, Muhasho u na ndivho ya u ṱanganyisa mishumo yo fhambanaho kha khalenda ya luambo zwine zwa  vha Ḓuvha ḽa u Guda u Vhala na u Ṅwala ḽa Dzitshakhatshakha, Ḓuvha ḽa Vhupinduleli ḽa Dzitshakhatshakha na Ṅwaha wa Nyambo Dzapo dza Dzitshakhatshakha, nga u pembelela nga kha Guvhangano ḽa Luambo ḽine ḽa ḓo farwa nga ḽa 3 - 4 Tshimedzi 2019.

 

XITSONGA: SIKU RA VUHUNDZULUXERI RA MATIKO YA MISAVA (ITD) 30 NDZATI 2019

ITD yi tlangeriwa misava hinkwayo hi masiku ya le mahlweni na le ndzhaku ka  30 Ndzati lembe rin'wana na rin'wana. Ntlangelo wu nyika nkarhi wo langutisa  nkoka wa vatirhi va swa tindzimi, ngopfungopfu vahundzuluxeri, vatshurivamarito na vatoloki, lava hi ntolovelo  xiave xa vona xa nkoka eka vuhlanganisi  xi tshamaka xi nga khensiwi na ku ka xi nga tiveki.

Gingiriko leri ra nkoka ra ririmi ri ve ro hlawuleka hikuva hi ti 24 ta Mudyaxihi 2017, Nhlengeletano hi ku angarhela ya Nhlangano wa Matiko ya vu 71 (UN) yi amukerile Xiboho xa A/72/L.68, lexi tekelaka enhlokweni ntirho wa   vuhundzuluxeri bya xiphurofexini eka ku hlanganisa misava, na ku kondletela kurhula, ntwisiso na nhluvukiso. Xiboho xofana naxona xi tivisa 30 Ndzati ku va Siku ra Vuhundzuluxeri bya Matiko ya Misava ra UN ku va ri tlangeriwa eka netiweke hinkwayo ya UN. Ku nga se va na xitiviso lexi   vuriweke laha henhla,  ITD  yi lonciwile hi 1953 loko Nhlangano wa Vahundzuluxeri  va  Matiko ya Misava  (FIT) wu tumbuluxiwa. FIT yi tumbuluxile siku hi 1991 naswona yi ringanyetile leswaku UNESCO yi ri tivisa. Ku nga se fika nkarhi walowo a yi khutaziwa no tlakusiwa hi Huvo ya   FIT na Komitinkulu hi tindlela tin’wana. Siku ra xiviri,  ra 30 Ndzati, ri hlawuriwile ku va ra ntlangelo hikuva i siku ra nkhuvu wa St Jerome, mudyondzi wa Mukriste tlhelo muprista loyi a ri munhu wosungula ku hundzuluxa Bibele yi va hi ririmi ra Xilatini ku suka eka ririmi ra yona  ra orijinali ra Xiheveru. St Jerome a tshama a anakanyiwa tanihi mukwetsini wa vahundzuluxeri na vatoloki emisaveni hinkwayo. Lembe rin'wana na rin'wana FIT yi kombisa nkongomelo lowu nga na vun'we lowu ITD yi tlangeriwaka hi wona. Nkongomelo wa 2019 i " Vuhundzuluxeri na Tindzimi ta   Xintu" hi ku fambisana na Lembe ra Tindzimi ta Xintu ra Matiko ya Misava ra UN.  Nkongomelo wu tshikelela no khutaza ku tirhisiwa na ku hlayisiwa ka tindzimi ta xintu tanihi ndlela yo tinyika xiyimo xa nkoka wa ikhonomi lexi nga na nkoka eka ku hanya ka tona. Vahundzuluxeri, vatoloki, vatshurivamarito na vatirhi va swa tindzimi hi ku angarhela va tirha ntirho wa nkoka eka nhluvukiso, ntlakuso na nhlayiso wa tindzimi ta xintu, ku katsa nhluvukiso wa tona wo ya emahlweni.

UNESCO yi kombisa xilaveko xo tlakusa no sirhelela tindzimi ta xintu na timfanelo ta lava va ti vulavulaka. Ndzawulo yi lemuka leswaku loko tindzimi ta hina ta xintu ti nga hluvukisiwi na ku tlakusiwa, ti le khombyeni ra ku va ti hela, hikwalaho  ku tumbuluxiwa ka theminoloji eka tidomeyini to hambanahambana, ku hundzuluxiwa ka matsalwa na ku seketela swikumiwa swa  Thekinoloji ya Tindzimi ta Vanhu (HLT). Leswi swi endleriwa ku tlakusa xiyimo xa tindzimi leti, ngopfungopfu tindzimi ta ximfumo, na ku kondletela matirhiselo ya tona hi ntokoto na ntsariso wa le henhla, ku kondletela mfikelelo wa mahungu na ku tirhisiwa ka tona eka thekinoloji.

Hi ku fambisana na xitiviso xa UNESCO xa 2019 tanihi Lembe ra Matiko ya Misava ra Tindzimi ta Xintu, Ndzawulo yi kunguhata   ku  hlanganisa migingiriko yo hambanahambana  ya lembe  ya mitirho ya  tindzimi ku nga , Siku ra vutivi byo Hlaya no Tsala ra Matiko ya Misava, Siku ra Vuhundzuluxeri bya Matiko ya Misava na Lembe ra Tindzimi ta Xintu ra Matiko ya Misava, hi ku swi tlangela swi hlanganile hi khomferense ya  “Language Indaba” leyi nga ta khomiwa ku suka 3-4 Nhlangula 2019.

 

Learn Basics in a Different Language in Celebration of International Translation Day 2019 and the International Year of Indigenous Languages

Ends//

For further enquiries, please contact: Zimasa Velaphi, Head of Communications: cell 072 172 8925 /; Email: zimasav@dac.gov.za and Petunia Lessing: 066 301 4645; Email: PetuniaL@dac.gov.za

Issued by the National Department of Arts & Culture