The Vredefort Dome, approximately 120 kilometres south west of Johannesburg, is the oldest and largest meteorite impact site in the world. It is believed that a meteorite, some 10 kilometres wide and larger than Table Mountain, fell to earth an estimated 2 000 million years ago. The force of the impact opened up a crater, which is about 40 kilometres wide.
Year inscribed: 2004
Location: Western and Eastern Cape, 34º 10' S 18º 22' 30" E
Type: Natural heritage
The Cape Floral Region takes up only 0.04% of the world's land area, yet contains an astonishing 3% percent of its plant species. This makes it one of the richest areas for plants in the world and one of the globe's 18 biodiversity hot spots.